Shexian, the capital of the ancient Hui State, sits at the southern foot of Mt. Huangshan and on the upper part of the Xin’an River.
Shexian was founded in the Qin Dynasty (221A.D.-207A.D.). Many cultural relics still exist in this county. More than 100 buildings in Shexian date back to the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) and thousands date back to the Qing Dynasty (1644-1912). The most acclaimed of these buildings are referred to by the experts as the Three Wonders of Ancient Huizhou Architecture and are made up of: ancient residential houses, the ancestral halls and the stone archways built in the Ming and Qing dynasties. The most famous of these are Xuguos’ Stone Archway and Tangyues’ Memorial Archways.
Since Hui culture originated from Shexian, Shexian is also the birthplace of Xin’an Painting, Xin’an medicine, Hui-style Architecture, and the Hui-style of carving bamboo, wood, brick and stone. There are still many Hui ink stick and She Ink Slab workshops. What’s more, you can also buy Chengxintang Paper, which was considered the finest quality paper in the Qing Dynasty.
Tangyue Memorial Archways
The Tangyue Memorial Archways
This is the most popular attraction in Shexian and many people come to Shexian just to visit this group of archways. The Tangyue Memorial Archways are located in Tangyue village, which is 9 kilometres from the Shexian old town in the west. There are seven archways that make up the Tangyue Memorial Archways and they were built in the Ming and Qing Dynasties by the Bao clan.
Among them, the three most famous ones are: the archway to honor the filial son, the archway to honor filial affection and the archway to honor the chaste wife Bao Wenling.
Shexian is one of the many wonderful stops on our travel: Discover the Ancient Chinese Villages in the Huizhou Region